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1889 INDIAN HEAD CENT

PCGS Nos: 2172, 2173, 2174, 2354, 2355, 2356

Mintage:

Circulation strikes: 48,866,025
Proofs: 3,336

Designer: James B. Longacre

Diameter: 19 millimeters

Metal content:
Copper - 95%
Tin and Zinc - 5%

Weight: 3.11 grams

Edge: Plain

Mintmark: None (for Philadelphia) below the bow of the wreath on the reverse

Notes:
The finest Uncirculated Brown examples graded by PCGS are 2 MS-65BN's.

The finest Uncirculated Red-Brown examples graded by PCGS are 11 MS-65RB's.

The finest Uncirculated Red examples graded by PCGS are 6 MS-66RD's.

The finest Proof Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-67BN.

The finest Proof Red-Brown examples graded by PCGS are 5 PR-66RB's.

The finest Proof Red examples graded by PCGS are 9 PR-66RD's.

Recent appearances:
PCGS graded Proof 66 Red.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "Benson Collection, Part I", February 16, 18-20, 2001, lot 1134, illustrated, where it was described as follows: "…Another attractive example with superb surfaces and great eye appeal. The mirrors are moderate. There are clash marks clearly evident on both sides of the coin. This is found on all coins from this die pair.

A high percentage of the proof issues in the 1880's show some type of a lack of quality control. It is common to find coins that were struck from known proof dies that were obviously struck only once, possibly on a high speed press. Although these coins will have mirrored fields, they will also have rounded edges and some striking weakness on the feathertips and lower hair curl. These were struck as proofs and included in the proof set sales of the year.", sold for $4,600.00

NGC Proof-65 Red and Brown.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Long Beach Signature Sale", May 31-June 2, 2001, Lot 7641, not illustrated, sold for $270.25

NGC Proof-65 Red and Brown.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coin & Collectibles' "The Fairchild Family Trust Collection Sale", May 28-30, 2001, Lot 251, not illustrated, sold for $437.00

Proof-62 Red and Brown, Lightly Cleaned.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Santa Clara Signature Sale", November 16-17, 2000, Lot 5120, not illustrated, sold for $86.25

Choice Brilliant Proof.  Ex- Stack's "The September Sale", September 12-13, 2000, Lot 155, sold for $230.00

Brilliant Proof.  Ex - Stack's "The University of Notre Dame Sale", March 20-21, 2001, Lot 189, not plated, sold for $172.50

Brilliant Proof.  Ex - Stack's "The University of Notre Dame Sale", March 20-21, 2001, Lot 190, not plated, sold for $115.00

Brilliant Proof.  Ex - Stack's "The University of Notre Dame Sale", March 20-21, 2001, Lot 191, not plated, sold for $69.00

NGC MS-65 Red.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Philadelphia 2000 Signature Sale", August 6-7, 2000, Lot 6633, not illustrated, sold for $1,150.00

NGC MS-65 Red.  Ex - Bowers and Merena Galleries' Robert W. Schwan Collection Sale, October 26-27, 2000, Lot 331, sold for $1,265.00

PCGS MS-65 Red.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Long Beach Signature Sale", May 31-June 2, 2001, Lot 7584, not illustrated, sold for $2,357.50

PCGS MS-64 Red.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "Benson Collection, Part I", February 16, 18-20, 2001, Lot 1293, illustrated, sold for $1,955.00 From the Howard R. Newcomb collection of Indian Cents, purchased June 30, 1944 from J.G. Macallister

PCGS MS-64 Red.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Long Beach Signature Sale", May 31-June 2, 2001, Lot 7583, not illustrated, sold for $316.25

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"The PCGS Population Report, October 2003" by The Professional Coin Grading Service