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Obverse of Judd 18     Reverse of Judd 18


1794 "NO STARS" ONE DOLLAR
DIE TRIAL IN COPPER


Variety equivalents:
Judd 18, Pollock 27, Adams-Woodin 13

Mintage: unrecorded

Rarity: Unique!

Designer: unknown
Engraver: unknown

Diameter: mm

Metal Content: pure copper

Weight: 327.3 grains

Edge: Lettered

Images courtesy of Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.

Known examples (unique):
Ex - J.W. Haseltine - R. Coulton Davis - Lorin Parmelee collection sale, June 1890, Lott 11, where it was described as "Good" - G.D. Woodside, April 1982 - William H. Woodin - Waldo Newcomer - F.C.C. Boyd - Dr. J. Hewitt Judd - Abe Kosoff's "Illustrated History", 1962, Lot 23 - Sotheby's, December 1973 - Rarcoa - Bowers & Ruddy's "Getty" sale, May 1977, Lot 1835 @ $15,000.00, where it became "VF" - Stack's session of Auction '80, August 1980 @ $21,000.00, described there as "VF" - Auctions by Bowers & Merena, Inc.'s "Aspen" ANA sale, August 1989, Lot 741 - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "The Benson Collection" Sale - Part 1, February 18-20, 2001

Images of this coin appear in the Adams-Woodin, Judd, and Pollock references.  Haseltine mentioned this very coin in his circa 1881 Type Table sale catalog.

Notes:
Judd thought the obverse of this trial piece was an uncompleted version of the die used to strike 1794 Silver Dollars for circulation.   However, Pollock claims to have made side-by-side comparisons between this piece and several 1794 Silver Dollar circulation strikes; he found enough differences to conclude that the obverses were different dies.  The U.S. Patterns website (Saul Teichman?) notes: "It is a different obverse die with minute differences in date placement, neck length, hair treatment and others.

The reverse of this piece also appears on 1794 Silver Dollars struck for circulation (1794 Bolender 1).

Compare with the unique 1794 "With Stars" One Dollar Die Trial in Copper (Judd 19) that used both dies from the circulation strikes.

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"United States Pattern, Experimental and Trial Pieces" by J. Hewitt Judd, M.D.

"United States Patterns And Related Issues" by Andrew W. Pollock III

Website at www.uspatterns.com

e-mail correspondence from Saul Teichman, December 21, 2000