1792 FUSION ALLOY CENT
Judd 2, Pollock 2, Breen 1370
Rarity: Exceedingly Rare
Designer: unknown, sometimes
attributed to Henry Voigt
Diameter: ±23 mm
Metal Content: silver and
Weight range: observed weights
from 62.2-72.9 grains (may include some pure copper pieces)
Edge: Diagonal reeding
Only one Fusion Alloy Cent is known.
Breen claimed that the Pine Tree-ANA example had been chemically(?) tested
and found to contain silver, but no silver was found in this coin when it
was tested later on behalf of the cataloguer of the Norweb
collection. Few of the so-called "Copper" 1792 Cents
have been tested, so more "Fusible Alloy" Cents may exist.
1. Harmer Rooke 11/1969 -
New Jersey private collection. According to the Norweb cataloguer,
this piece was tested using x-ray flourescence and found to contain
1792 saw a flurry of activity
aimed at establishing a Mint in America. Congress passed a Mint Act,
a Director was chosen, a lot was purchased, a building was erected, and
employees were hired. While the Mint Act gave directions as to which
For the One Cent piece,
which was to be one of the main coins produced in 1793, four types
were tested: a large copper piece (the "Birch" Cent), a smaller
copper piece with a silver center (the Silver-Center Cent"), another of the same size (the Fusion Alloy Cent, in which the silver
and copper were melted together), and another of the same size in pure
copper. Although no written evidence
remains to record the testing, clearly the large, pure copper piece was
favored, as this was the chosen format when production of Large Cents
began in 1793.
Judd considered all the
plain edge pieces to be counterfeits.
Sources and/or recommended reading:
"United States Pattern, Experimental and Trial Pieces" by J.
Hewitt Judd, M.D.
Complete Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins" by Walter
"United States Patterns
And Related Issues" by Andrew W. Pollock III