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THE HISTORY OF THE EARLY UNITED STATES MINT - 1794

by Ron Guth

January 4, 1794

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, salary as Assayer, a balance due to September 30, 1793 (see April 22, 1794 entry) $749.75

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, assayer, his pay in full to December 31, 1793 $375.00

Warrant in favor of Robert Scot, engraver, his pay in full to December 31, 1793 $125.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 11, 1794

Warrant in favor of Samuel Parker, brass founder, for a bell, weight 36 1/2 lbs. $17.82

(This bell sounded the meal hours by day and the watchman’s rounds by night) -- Stewart, p. 175

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 12, 1794

Voigt to Dalton 8,000 cents

January 13, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 11,000 cents

January 17, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,800 cents

January 24, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

January 29, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

January 31, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

February 3, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 Cents

February 5, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 5,500 cents

February 10, 1794

Warrant in favor of Daniel Dawson, for large bellows $33.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 21, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

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Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, cash paid by him for 24 weights of brass for the Mint $10.08

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 22, 1794

Voigt to Dalton 10,000 1/2 cents

16,000 cents

March 1, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 3, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

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Warrant in favor of Frederick Heiss, for grinding three loads of bones for the assayer $7.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

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In 1794 Jefferson persuaded Congress to lessen the required securities for gold and silver (Act of March 3, 1794), and a few silver pieces were coined late in that year. No gold was coined until 1795.

Reference #4

March 4, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 5, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 7, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 10, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

March 11, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 Cents

March 13, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 14, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 17, 1794

Warrant in favor of Joseph Burden, 12 Windsor chairs @ 7 s. 6 d. $12.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(one of these chairs still exists) -- Stewart, p. 175

March 19, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

March 20, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 21, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 17,000 cents

March 25, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Rutter & Co., 1 large press, weight 13 cwt. 25; 1 wheel, 1 cwt.; hauling to Philadelphia $69.06

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 26, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 28, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 15,000 cents

April 4, 1794

Albion Cox, first assayer of the Mint was appointed April 4, 1794.

Reference #5

April 19, 1794

Warrant in favor of William Garrigues in full for ground rent of the Mint lot to May 1, 1794 $38.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(This was in accordance with the deed) --Stewart, p. 175.

April 22, 1794

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, a balance due on his salary from February 28th to 30th of September, 1793 $222.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

April 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of Tristram Dalton, salary from the 1st inst. to 23rd, the date of his resignation $75.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

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Paid to Thomas Pinckney for copper $7568.00

--Entry on worksheet showing copper purchased by the Mint from October 16, 1792 to December 31, 1798

May 7, 1794

Warrant in favor of Robert Morris, for a load of hay, 26 cwt. 1 qr. $14.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 16, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Inskeep, for digging and walling a well at the furnace of the Mint, 29 feet deep $14.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 21, 1794

Warrant in favor of George Gray, 20 loads of isinglass sand $40.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of David & Richard Ridgway, 850 fire bricks, @ 7 s.; 4500 common bricks, hard, @45 $34.93

Warrant in favor of John Harper, for a pair of rollers and a large mortar for the Mint $21.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 28, 1794

Warrant in favor of Barney McCoy, 4 large precipitating bowls $18.67

Warrant in favor of ?, for hooping and pitching $6.73

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 3, 1794

Warrant in favor of Andrew Eisenhut, for 646 lbs. old copper $114.84

Warrant in favor of Caleb Emlen, for scantling, plank, etc. from May 27, 1793, to May, 1794, inclusive $38.01

Warrant in favor of Hannah Ogden, for a coining press $47.44

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

The Mint purchased the fourth (press) for $47.44 on June 3, 1794, from Mrs. Hannah Ogden, widow of Matthias Ogden, Revolutionary war hero and New Jersey coiner. This press had been in use first at the Rahway mint in 1786-88, and later at the Elizabethtown Mint (1789) where Ogden made overstrikes of Jersey cent dies upon all kinds of worn coppers, as Jersey coppers then passed at a higher rate than the rest.

--Reference 4

June 5, 1794

Warrant in favor of Baltis Clymer, for hauling bricks, March 9, 1793 to may 1, 1794 $46.80

Warrant in favor of John Wolf, 64 gallons spirits, at 7 s. 6 d. $64.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 9, 1794

The Secretary of State has the honor to enclose to the Director of the Mint some observations respecting copper received from Mr. Pinckney by the last vessel from London. Should Mr. Rittenhouse have anything to communicate on the subject, the Secretary will be happy to receive and transmit the same to Mr. Pinckney.

June 17, 1794

Warrant in favor of Frederick Riche, 18 days at sinking dies $18.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 18, 1794

Warrant in favor of Samuel Briggs, for new 36 ft. pump at the furnace $18.70

Warrant in favor of John Field & Son for freight of two parcels per Ship Pigon by Capt. Loxley, in 1793 $75.45

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Bringhurst, 4 sets of money scales and weights $34.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 24, 1794

Warrant in favor of Richard Guy, pulling down furnaces, arching covers about furnaces, building a wall about milling room, paving the room with iron plates, building four furnaces, repairing a boiler $44.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 28, 1794

Voigt to Way (Treasurer)

For quarter ending June 30, 1794

192,000 cents

48,000 - 1/2 cents

June 30, 1794

Warrant in favor of Isaac B. Childs, Clerk of the Treasury, 1 qr. salary $125.00

Warrant in favor of Nicholas Way, Treasurer, 1 1/3 months salary $133.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 18, 1794

The first deposit of silver bullion was made on July 18, 1794, by the Bank of Maryland. It consisted of "coins of France," amounting to $80,715.73 1/2.

--Reference 5

July 24, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse in favor of John Grace fro 87 lbs. of copper as 16 cents. $15.46

September 6, 1794

Security Bond for Lodewyck Sharpe

"Know all men by these Presents that we, Jacob Sharpe and Jacob Sharpe, Jr. of the town of Brooklyn in Kings County, State of New York Esquires and Lodewyk Sharpe of the same place are held firmly bound unto Henry Voigt of the City of Philadelphia Esquire, Chief Coiner of the Mint of the United States in the sum of two thousand dollars to be paid said Henry Voigt or his certain attorney, his heirs, Executors, Administrators or Assigns for which payment will and truly to be paid we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors, administrators firmly by these presents sealed with our seals this sixth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety-four.

The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bounded Lodewyk Sharpe shall faithfully and diligently perform the duties of his office as Clerk of the Mint of the United States, then obligation to be void and of no effect otherwise to remain in full force and virtue."

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Witness Bernard Shaw and Peter Sharpe.

Signed:

Jacob Sharpe

Jacob Sharpe, Jr.

Lodewyck Sharpe

September 11, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to the owners of the Ship Pigou for freight of five cases of copper from London. $8.70

September 30, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to Robert Scot. $300.00

September 30, 1794

Voigt to Way - for quarter ending September 30.

308,200 cents

23,600 - 1/2 cents

October 6, 1794

Warrant No. 2 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 22nd to the 27th of September, 1794 inclusive. $12.48

Warrant No. 3 in favor of William Winter, in full for 550 bushels of charcoal delivered at the Mint, hauling included. $66.

October 11, 1794

Warrant No. 4 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers, employed in coining at the Mint from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $52.76

Warrant No. 5 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $14.56.

Warrant No. 6 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay Mechanics employed at the Mint, in making and repairing machinery, from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $40.90

October 14, 1794

Warrant No. 7 in favor of William Hamilton, being in full payment for a house and lot adjoining the Mint, purchased from him with the approbation of the President, for the United States and for the use of the Mint. $1200.

October 15, 1794

The first returns of silver coins to the Treasurer, was made on October 15, 1794.

--Reference 5

October 16, 1794

Warrant No. 8 in favor of Twamley and Shoemaker, in full of their hill of Ironmongery for the Mint from the 17th of July to the 29th of September 1794 inclusive. $108.73

Warrant No. 9 in favor of Henry Voigt, for a like sum advanced by him to Benjamin Oliver, for a Horse purchased for the use of the Mint by my order. $110.67

October 17, 1794

Warrant No. 10 in favor of Peter Thompson, for drawing a deed from Thomas Leiper and wife and William Hamilton, and a release of title from George Ernst Lindenberger, to the United States. $12.

Warrant No. 11 in favor of Rugan & Rhodes, in full of their bill of Rum, Barrel and Porterage from September 15th to October 15th 1794 inclusive. $64.71

Warrant No. 12 in favor of John Warters, in full of his account of 18 cts, 3 qts, 14 lbs of hay, weighing included. $15.27

October 18, 1794

Warrant No. 13 in favor of John Tice, in full for 500 bushels of charcoals at L5. .10C Hd. $73.33

Warrant No.14 in favor of Henry Voigt, chief coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business at the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October 1794 inclusive. $67.43

Warrant No. 15 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October 1794 inclusive. $39.77

Warrant No. 16 in favor of Albion Cox, assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October, 1794 inclusive. $21.40

October 21, 1794

Warrant No. 17 in favor of David and Richard Ridgway the amount of their account of bricks furnished the Mint from the 14th to 16th of October 1794 inclusive. $32.

Warrant No. 18 in favor of Ricloff Alberson, in full of his account of four pieces of cedar furnished the Mint the 11th instant.

October 25, 1794

Warrant No. 19 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint in making and repairing machinery from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $37.15

Warrant No. 20 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed at the Mint from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $60.26

Warrant No. 21 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $23.48

October 27, 1794

Warrant No. 22 in favor of Sims & Barnitt in full of their account for a desk, table, etc. for the office of the director and assayer. $35.33

Warrant No. 23 in favor of Henry Schively in full for a seven plate stove and pipe, porterage included. $16.35

October 28, 1794

Warrant No. 24 in favor of Edward Riffets, in full of his account for seven and three quarter cords of wood at 45L and wharfage. $46.84

October 29, 1794

Warrant No. 25 in favor of John Kemhle in full of his account of sal nixum, and aqua fortis for the use of the Mint. $25.32

November 1, 1794

Warrant No. 26 in favor of William Winter in full of his account for 550 bushels of coals. $73.33

Warrant No. 27 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $63.60

Warrant No. 28 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $37.40

Warrant No. 29 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $29.04

November 4, 1794

Warrant No. 30 in favor of John Hafs, in full of his bill for 950 bushels of coals for the use of the Mint @ 11% p Hd $140.00

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to Richard Bache for copper, brass, and lead. 162-3/4 lbs. $30.50

November 6, 1794

Warrant No. 31 in favor of John Warters, in full of his account of 26 cwt of Hay at 6/6 pc and weighing. $22.70

November 7, 1794

Warrant No. 32 in favor of Frederick Brown and Philip Coonsman for one months watch, at 12 dollars each per month to the 6th instant. $24.00

November 8, 1794

Warrant No. 33 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 27th October to the 1st of November 1794 inclusive. $64.90

Warrant No. 34 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 27th October to 1st November 1794 inclusive. $37.50

Warrant No. 35 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 27th October to the 1st day of November 1794 inclusive. $33.76

Warrant No. 36 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, for a like sum advanced by him, to Amos Lubers for 23 black lead potts, No. 25 at 2 1/2 p. No. $15.97

November 11, 1794

Warrant No. 37 in favor of Seth Lucas, for bricks supplied the Mint to the 22nd October 1794. $51.00

Warrant No. 38 in favor of Richard Bache for copper, brass and lead. $28.93

November 13, 1794

Warrant No. 39 in favor of George Turner, in full of his account of smiths work done for the furnace of the Mint, from 2nd September to the 7th instant inclusive. $31.70

November 15, 1794

Warrant No. 40 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 3rd to the 8th instant inclusive. $49.00

Warrant No. 41 in favor of Henry Voight in full of his account of wages due to mechanics at the Mint from the 3rd to the 8th inclusive. $35.55

Warrant No. 42 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 3rd to the 8th instant inclusive. $31.12

November 21, 1794

Warrant No. 43 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $47.47

Warrant No. 45 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $33.00

Warrant No. 44 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $34.08

November 22, 1794

Warrant No. 46 in favor of Tubal Cain for 10-3/4 cords of oak wood @ $4.80 per cord. $51.60

November 29, 1794

Warrant No. 47 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 17th to 22nd instant inclusive. $32.75

Warrant No. 48 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 17th to the 22nd instant inclusive. $31.68

Warrant No. 49 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 17th to the 22nd instant inclusive. $56.84

December 5, 1794

Warrant No. 50 in favor of Jon Sweathmon for 800 bushels of coals @ L5.15 portage included @ 10 p Hd. $133.33

Warrant No. 51 in favor of Rugan & Rhodes, in full of their account of rum, furnished the Mint to the 4th instant. $62.45

December 6, 1794

Warrant No. 52 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 24th to 29th November last inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 53 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 24th to the 29th of November last inclusive. $58.16

Warrant No. 54 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 24th to the 29th November last inclusive. $25.80

December 8, 1794

Warrant No. 55 in favor of Robert Fitzgerald in full for blocks, hooks, thimbles, etc. for the coining presses. $18.67

Warrant No. 56 in favor of (Frederick Brown) and Phillip Coonsman for one months watch at 12 dollars each per month to the 6th instant. $24.00

(This last warrant was torn in half and the name of Frederick Brown was not legible, but presumed to be correct -- see Warrant No. 32 of November 7, 1794).

(In a different Book of Warrants, No. 55 shows coining presses as singular -- press).

December 13, 1794

Warrant No. 57 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $51.96

Warrant No. 58 in favor of Henry Voight, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $25.80

Warrant No. 59 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $29.04

December 20, 1794

Warrant No. 60 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $39.60

Warrant No. 61 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $23.05

Warrant No. 62 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $58.06

December 27, 1794

Warrant No. 63 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 64 in favor of Henry Voight to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $55.82

Warrant No. 65 in favor of Henry Voight to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $35.82

December 31, 1794

Voigt to Way - for quarter ending December 31

121,021 cents

Warrant No. 66 in favor of Henry Voight for 1/4 salary as Chief Coiner of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at 1500 doll. $375.00

Warrant No. 67 in favor of Nicholas Way as treasurer of the Mint @ 1200, for the quarter ending December 31, 1794. $300.

Warrant No. 68 in favor of Albion Cox for 1/4 salary as Assayer of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at 1500 doll. $375.00

Warrant No. 69 in favor of David Rittenhouse as Director of the Mint for the quarter ending December 31, 1794 at $2000. $500.00

Warrant No. 70 in favor of Robert Scot for 1/4 salary as Engraver of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at $1200. $300.00

Warrant No. 71 in favor of Isaac Hough for 1/4 salary as Clerk to the Director and Assayer at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 72 in favor of Isaac B. Childs in full for one quarters salary as Clerk of the Treasury of the Mint ending this day at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 73 in favor of Lodewyck Sharpe in full for one quarters salary as Clerk of Expenditures of the Mint, ending this day at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 74 in favor of Albion Cox in full of his account of contingent expenses for the quarter ending this day. $40.38

Warrant No. 75 in favor of Henry Voigt, in full of his account of contingent expenses of the Mint, for the quarter ending this day. $225.96

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