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1814 LARGE CENT

Mintage:
Circulation strikes: 357,830
Proofs: None

Designer: John Reich

Diameter: 28-29 millimeters

Metal content:
Copper - 100%

Weight: 168 grains (10.89 grams)

Edge: Plain

Mintmark: None (all 1814 Large Cents were struck at the Philadelphia Mint)

The following is reprinted with permission from Walter Breen's Encyclopedia of Early United States Cents 1793-1814, by Walter Breen, edited by Mark R. Borckardt

   This was a wartime year, and the United States was in dire straits. The embargo of 1807 hurt everyone. Banks suspended specie payments in the summer. The last major deposit of silver reached the Mint September 21 and no more would follow for over a year. On November 13, 1813, for reasons unknown, Thomas T. Tucker, treasurer of the United States, notified the Mint via his agent Tench Coxe that he judged it "advisable at present to abstain from any further distribution of copper coins."
   According to R. W. Julian, Chief Coiner Adam Eckfeldt delivered 357,830 cents to Mint Treasurer Benjamin Rush on October 27, exhausting the Mint's supply of cent blanks. Julian estimates that cent coinage must have begun, at earliest, late in September just before the final coinage of dimes. He points out that the half dollar press could be adapted to strike cents, so that possible both pairs of dies were in simultaneous use. The cents were paid out about December 26 to the Bank of Pennsylvania, from which they went to the general public.
   Unsurprisingly, gem Uncirculated 1814s are unobtainable, though both varieties of this date are plentiful in all lower grades.

Images courtesy of Heritage Numismatic Auctions

Varieties (2):
Crosslet 4
    
Sheldon 294 - Very Common

Plain 4
     Sheldon 295- Very Common

Notes:
According to Alan Herbert, "Almost the entire output - 357,830 - were used for the Mint payroll, so nearly all of the cents struck that year circulated..."

The finest "Crosslet 4" Brown example graded by PCGS is a single MS-67BN.

The finest "Plain 4" Brown example graded by PCGS is a single MS-66BN.

Significant examples:
See variety listings  

Recent appearances:
See variety listings  

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"Penny Whimsy" by Dr. William H. Sheldon

"The PCGS Population Report, October 2003" by The Professional Coin Grading Service

"Coin Clinic" by Alan Herbert, Numismatic News, June 12, 2001, page 41