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Obverse of 1831 Half Cent     Reverse of 1831 Half Cent


1831 HALF CENT

PCGS No: 1186

Mintage:
Circulation strikes: 2,200 reported for 1831, but these are believed to be dated 1832
Proofs: estimated 25

Designer: John Reich

Diameter: 23.5 millimeters

Metal content:
Copper - 100%

Weight: 84 grains (5.45 grams)

Edge: Plain

Mintmark: None (all 1831 Half Cents were struck at the Philadelphia Mint)

Images courtesy of Gene Braig

Varieties:
Proof Originals 
Proof Restrike - Reverse of 1836 
Proof Restrike - Reverse of 1840 

Notes:
Mint reports show a mintage of 2,200 1831 Half Cents, but the figure is believed to represent a delivery of Half Cents dated 1832.  Most experts believe that the 1831 Half Cents were struck only as Proofs.  Nevertheless, a significant number of 1831 Half Cents circulated in fact (see the image below for confirmation).  In several of these cases, it is impossible to tell if the coin started out as a Proof or a circulation strike, so the jury is still out.

The finest circulation strike Brown example graded by PCGS is a single AU-55BN.

The finest Proof "Original" Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-65BN.

The finest Proof "Rev. 1836" Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-67BN.  The finest Proof "Rev. 1836" Red-Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-66RB.  The finest Proof Red example graded by PCGS is a single PR-66RD.

The finest Proof "Rev. 1840" Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-66BN.  The finest Proof "Rev.1840" Red-Brown example graded by PCGS is a single PR-66RB.

Significant examples:
See individual varieties

Recent appearances:
See individual varieties

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"American Half Cents - The 'Little Half Sisters' (Second Edition)" by Roger S. Cohen, Jr.

"Walter Breen's Encyclopedia of United States Half Cents 1793-1857" by Walter Breen (purchase a copy by clicking on the title)

"The PCGS Population Report, October 2003" by The Professional Coin Grading Service

Relevant collector organizations:
Early American Coppers Club

1831 Half Cent Group Shot

1831 Half Cent Group Shot

Images courtesy of Ron Guth