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1844-O Liberty Head Eagle Obverse       1844-O Liberty Head Eagle Reverse
 


1844-O TEN DOLLARS OR EAGLE

PCGS Nos: 8591, 8803

Mintage:

Circulation strikes: 118,700
Proofs: 1

Designer: Christian Gobrecht

Diameter: 26.8 millimeters

Metal content:
Gold - 90%
Other - 10% 

Weight: 258 grains (16.7 grams)

Edge: Reeded

Mintmark: "O" (for New Orleans) below the eagle on the reverse

Images courtesy of Heritage Numismatic Auctions

Varieties:
Doubled O

Notes:
According to Walter Breen, six pairs of dies were available for striking 1844-O Eagles. 

Despite a relatively high mintage of 118,700 coins, the 1844-O Eagle is a scarce date.  The grade seen most frequently is EF-40.  AU examples are very rare and only a couple of pieces are known in Mint State.  A single Proof example is known of this date.

PCGS has graded only two Mint State 1844-O Eagles, the finest of which is a single MS-62.  NGC has graded three Mint State 1844-O Eagles, the finest of which is a single MS-62.

The only Branch Mint Proof 1844-O Eagle graded by PCGS is a single PR-64 DCAM.

In August, 2004, NGC published a partial population report of gold coins recovered from the shipwrecked SS Republic.  Included were 32 1844-O Eagles, ranging in grade from AU-50 to MS-62.  20 of the coins were listed as "Doubled O".

Significant examples:
PCGS Proof-64 (illustrated above).  Ex -  Parmelee Sale (New York Stamp & Coin Co., 6/1890), Lot 1151 - William G. Woodin - Virgil Brand (journal id 57068) - Abe Kosoff (ca. 1962-64) - John J. Ford - John Murrell - Bob Lecce - exhibited at the 1995 ANA Mid-Winter Convention - Lot 6120 of Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "E-Fair Signature Sale" held in Columbus, Ohio on October 8, 1999 - offered by Robert B. Lecce, Numismatist, Inc. in the August 9, 2004 issue of COIN WORLD (page 33) for $2,000,000.00

According to Saul Teichman, this coin was purchased by Parmelee out of the Seavey collection, where it was listed as an 1844 Proof but no mention was made of a mintmark!

Waldo Newcomer's was only Very Fine.

Recent appearances:
PCGS AU-58.  Bowers and Merena Galleries, "The Harry W. Bass, Jr. Collection, Part IV Sale", November 20-21, 2000, Lot 606, illustrated, sold for $4,370.00  Purchased from Paramount's sale of November 1973, Lot 1952

AU-50.  Bowers and Merena Galleries, "The Harry W. Bass, Jr. Collection, Part IV Sale", 11/2000:607, "Recut Mintmark", illustrated, sold for $1,150.00  Purchase from Stanley Kesselman, June 1, 1971

NGC AU-50.  Goldberg's "The California Sale", 10/2000:1031, $1,035.00

ANACS Net EF-40, AU Details, Cleaned.  Ex - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s, "Summer 2001 Long Beach Signature Sale", May 31-June 2, 2001, Lot 9069, not plated, unsold

VF-30.  Goldberg's "The Fairchild Family Trust Collection Sale", 05/2001:1473, not illustrated, $460.00

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"The PCGS Population Report, July 2004" by The Professional Coin Grading Service

"The NGC Census Report", August 13, 2004, www.ngcoin.com

"Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen, page 550